The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on 11 March, 2011 followed by the collapse of the Fukushima Atomic Power Plant not only destroyed local human life and properties, but also seriously damaged biodiversity and primary industry of the area. Furthermore, many local museums and biological specimens were also lost or damaged. The local biodiversity and biological records are a part of global biological resources that insure future sustainability, and best be inherited to the next generation as good as possible. Japan has paid large attention to biodiversity, e.g., renewing four times the National Biodiversity Strategy since 1995. However, the 3.11 disaster clarified the lack of national academic and social systems that could continuously monitor local biodiversity and biological information to provide necessary data for urgent rescue activities of various aspects and fields. It is also an urgent need to establish a protocol for precautious measures in case of future disasters. Based on the experience in Japan the DAB project aims to accumulate similar problems worldwide in order to present a standard measures and policy from various aspects for minimizing disaster influences.
Leader: Harufumi Nishida
Steering Committee: Hiroyuki Takeda, Motonori Hoshi, Makoto Asashima, Hiroo Fukuda, Ikuko Nishimura, Noriyuki Sato , Kunio Iwatsuki, Hidetoshi Ota: Possible International members: DedyDarnaedi (Indonesia),Karyn Arroyo (Chile), Steven Wagstaff (New Zealand)
Countries involved: Japan, followings are tentatively listed: China, Indonesia, Phillippines, New Zealand, Australia, Chile, Russia, others may be added
Field of Research: Ecology, Taxonomy, Molecular Biology, Medical Science, Agro-Forestry, Marine Biology, Museumology
The Japanese Tsunami and Earthquake disaster and further collapse of the Fukushima Atomic Power Plant in March 2011 evoked national movement to monitor the loss and recovery of biodiversity and related biological resources in local (affected) environments. The disaster also damaged many local museums and preserved biological specimens, including type specimens. Various natural disasters and related human-invoked chain disasters, such as one in Fukushima, and even wars, not only influence local biodiversity and bio-resources, but also damage biological records which should be kept safely for the future generations. The biological communities have never took an international action to discuss aboutthe influence of such disasters, recovery process, and future precautional approaches.
Summerize recent disaster-related biodiversity loss, influence on the primary production (agriculture, fishing .. etc.),damages to biological information and records, their rescue and recoveryprocess, then establish an international protocol for establishing an effective logistics to minimize disaster influences based on precautional risk management.